An airshow in the skies above the Imperial War Museum Duxford and a service at Westminster Abbey have commemorated the Battle of Britain.
A number of historical aircraft took to the sky, including Spitfires and Lancasters, at the airshow to mark the 83rd anniversary of the historical Second World War battle. Included in the flypast were aircraft from the RAF's Battle of Britain Memorial Flight.
IWM Duxford, a former RAF site, used to be home to both RAF Spitfire and Hurricane pilots during the Second World War. As well as the event at IWM Duxford, there was also a service of remembrance held at Westminster Abbey to commemorate the battle.
During the service, the 32 Squadron Standard was borne through the church before being laid upon the High Altar by Flight Lieutenant Giles Edwards - accompanied by the Central Band of the Royal Air Force. Air Chief Marshal Sir Rich Knighton, Chief of the Air Staff, read Romans 14:7-2.
During the Act of Remembrance, the Battle of Britain Roll of Honour, which includes the names of 1,497 pilots and aircrew killed or mortally wounded during the battle, was carried through the church. It was escorted by former Battle of Britain Squadron personnel and a number of RAF Cadets.
The Call of the Royal Air Force, the Last Post and Reveille closed the service, with the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight also performing flypast of one Spitfire and one Hurricane over Westminster Abbey. This year's service is the 80th to take place at Westminster Abbey, with the commemoration being held there every year since 1944.