Public Health England (PHE) has published a milestone report into the health of the population in England. The Health Profile for England report is the first time PHE has used its wealth of population health data to give an overall picture of the health of England.
People are living longer than ever – life expectancy in England has now reached 79.5 for males and 83.1 for females. However, much of the extra time is spent in poor health.
A major theme of the Health Profile for England report is health inequalities; we are simultaneously publishing a focused report examining health inequalities between different population groups. In the richest areas, people enjoy nearly 20 more years in good health than people in the poorest areas.
The Health Profile for England report covers life expectancy; major causes of death; morbidity trends; European comparisons; inequality in health; social determinants of health; and current health protection issues.
Some of the report’s more notable findings include:
- Life expectancy has increased more than years in good health and therefore the number of years lived in poor health has also increased
- Diabetes makes the top 10 causes of ill-health and disability (morbidity) for the first time
- The two biggest risk factors behind levels of ill health are excess weight and high blood sugar
- Lower back and neck pain are the biggest causes of ill health
- While deaths from heart disease and stroke have halved since 2001, it’s still the biggest killer of men. For women, it’s Alzheimer’s disease and dementia
Health Profile for England has been created with policymakers, both national and local in mind. PHE want them to use the report as a shared reference point and to think about the broader impact of their policies on health. The report also allows local policymakers to see how they compare with the national picture.
Duncan Selbie, Chief Executive of Public Health England said: “Good public health is not defined by health policy alone. Our health profiles show a high-quality education, a well-designed and warm home, a good job and a community to belong to are just as important.
“The more we consider the impact of all policies on population health, the sooner we can focus on preventing poor health instead of only dealing with its consequences, especially for those from the most deprived communities.”